英语句子三种表达方式

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1. 英语:分别用3种方式表达下列句子

1.The film has been on for half an hour. (应该film单数吧)

2.The film has been on since half an hour ago.

3.It is half an hour since the film began.

1.He has kept the book for 2 months.

2.He has kept the book since 2 months ago.

3.It is two months since he borrowed the book.

1.We have lived in Shenzhen for 10 years.

2.We have lived in Shenzhen since 10 years ago.

3.It is 10 years since we lived in Shenzhen.

2. 英语:分别用3种方式表达下列句子

1.The film has been on for half an hour. (应该film单数吧)2.The film has been on since half an hour ago. 3.It is half an hour since the film began.1.He has kept the book for 2 months. 2.He has kept the book since 2 months ago. 3.It is two months since he borrowed the book. 1.We have lived in Shenzhen for 10 years. 2.We have lived in Shenzhen since 10 years ago. 3.It is 10 years since we lived in Shenzhen。

3. 英语7种基本句型

英语的基本句型主要有五种,它们是:1、主语———动词———表语2、主语———动词3、主语———动词———宾语4、主语———动词———宾语———宾语5、主语———动词———宾语———补语掌握好这些基本句型,就可以为灵活运用语言打下良好的基础.下面分别讲解这五种句型.一、主语---动词----表语在这一句型中,动词是系动词,划线部分为表语.1.Mr.Brown is an engineer.(名词做表语)2.Gradualy he became silent.(形容词做表语)3.She remained standing for a hour.(现在分词做表语)4.The question remained unsolved.(过去分词做表语)5.The machine is out of order.(介词短语做表语)6.The television was on.(副词做表语)7.His plan is to keep the affair secret.(动词不定式做表语)8.My job is repairing cars.(动名词做表语)9.The question is what you want to do.(从句做表语,即:表语从句)注意:在下面的句子中,形容词做表语,在表语的后面常常接不定式结构.I'm happy to meet you.They are willing to help.We are determined to follow his example.二、主语———动词在这一句型中,动词为不及物动词及不及物的动词词组.在有的句子中,不及物动词可以有状语修饰.1.The sun is rising.2.I'll try.3.Did you sleep well?(well做状语,修饰不及物动词sleep)4.The engine broke down.注意:在此句型中,有少数不及物动词表达被动含义,表达主语本身所具有的特性,不用被动语态.1.The book sells wel.2.The window won't shut.3.The pen writes smoothly.4.Cheese cuts easily.三、主语———动词———宾语在此句型中,动词为及物动词,划线部分为宾语.1.Do you know these people(them)?(名词或代词做宾语)2.I can't express myself in English.(反身代词做宾语)3.He smiled a strange smile.(同源宾语)4.We can't afford to pay such a price.(不定式做宾语)5.Would you mind waiting a few minutes?(动名词做宾语)6.I hope that I have said nothing to pain you.(从句做宾语,即:宾语从句)注意:并不是所有的及物动词都可以接上述各种情况做宾语,不同的动词有不同的用法,所以,在学习动词时,一定要掌握其用法.四、主语———动词———宾语———宾语在此句型中,动词可以称作双宾语动词,在英语中,这样的动词并不多,在学习遇时,要牢记.后面的宾语为间接宾语和直接宾语,其中间接宾语在前,一般表人,直接宾语在后,一般表物.这类句型有三种情况.第一种情况,间接宾语可以改为to引导的短语.1.He handed me a letter.He handed a letter to me.2.She gave me her telephone number.She gave her telephone number to me.第二种情况,间接宾语可以改为for引导的短语.3.She sang us a folk song.She sang a folk for us.4.She cooked us a delicious meal.She cooked a delicious meal for us.第三种情况,直接宾语可以由宾语从句充当.5.Tell him I'm out.6.Can you inform me where Miss Green lives?五、主语———动词———宾语———宾语补足语在此句型中的动词,叫做可以跟复合宾语的动词,在英语中,这样的动词也不多.后面的宾语补足语是说明宾语的情况的,宾语和宾语补足语一起被称做复合宾语.这个句式是英语中比较复杂的一个句式,因为复合宾语的构成内容较多.下面句子中划线部分为宾语补足语.1.He found his new job boring.(形容词做宾补)2.The called their daughter Mary.(名词做宾补)3.This placed her in a very difficult position.(介词短语做宾补)4.We went to here house but found her out.(副词做宾补)5.What do you advise me to do?(不定式做宾补)6.We thought him to be an honest man.(tobe做宾补)7.He believed them to have discussed the problem.(不定式的完成式做宾补)8.He believed her to be telling the truth.(不定式的进行式做宾补)9.Did you notice him come in?(不带to的不定式做宾补)10.I saw her chatting with Nancy.(现在分词做宾补)11.He watched the piano carried upstairs.(过去分词做宾补)注意:在这个结构中,可以出现用it做形式上的宾语,把真正的宾语放在宾语补足语的后面.在此结构中,宾语常常是动词不定式或宾语从句.1.He felt it his duty to mention this to her.分析:it是形式宾语,hisduty是宾语补足语,to mention this to her是真正的宾语.2.I think it best that you should stay with us.分析:it是形式宾语,best是宾语补足语,that you should stay with us是真正的宾语.注意:1.习惯用语的使用在英语中,有很多动词习惯用语,在学习的过程中,要注意它们的使用,不必分析单独每个词的使用.例:We are short of money.(be short of中short做表语)She is always making trouble for her friends.(trouble做make的宾语)He has carried out our instructions to the letter.(our instructions做词组carry out的宾语)We are waiting for the rain to stop.(wait for后面的the rain是宾语,to stop是宾语补足语)2.在英语中,大多数动词既可以做及物动词又可以做不及物动词,而且还会有一些固定词组,因此一个动词可以用于几种句型.例:ask①Did you ask 。

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